Food Types And Nutrients To Look For In A Diabetic Diet
Food is any material consumed in order to supply essential nutrition for the organisms. Food is generally of animal, plant or fungus origin, and consists of essential nutrients, including vitamins, proteins, carbohydrates, and minerals. Foods are categorized into three main categories: animal products, which include milk, eggs, meat, fish, and poultry; plant products, which include vegetables, fruits, seeds, nuts, and legumes; and fungi, which include all bacteria, fungi, and other microorganisms. Based on the type of food ingested, it can be categorized into animal, plant and fungi, and other dietary components.
The human body requires a variety of macronutrients, which are nutrients needed to maintain healthy bodies and minds. Some of these nutrients include carbohydrates, proteins, fat, minerals and vitamins. Carbohydrates are the main source of energy in our diets. Carbohydrates can be found in vegetables and fruits, as well as in some legumes such as beans and lentils. Proteins, another important macronutrient, are found in meat, milk and eggs.
Fruits and vegetables are considered to be the most filling foods. They supply most of the calories we need through our daily diets but also contain most of the other nutrients necessary to maintain a healthy body. Vegetables and fruits provide a wide range of nutrients including water, fibre, minerals, potassium, and vitamins A, C, E, B, D & K. In addition, they are high in fibre, which is necessary to maintain normal digestive and excretory functions. On the other hand, a piece of fruit has only a single calorie, so eating a large quantity of fruit regularly will not over-supply calories and cause weight gain.